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The Fortress of Aradshow map
About The Fortress of Arad

The Fortress of Arad is a fortification system built in the city of Arad, on the left bank of the Mures River in the 18th century at the direct order of the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa. The fortress lies today in the Subcetate neighbourhood of the city, on the former military border between the Habsburg Empire and the Ottoman Empire. The fortress has been used during its existence as a military garrison, a military prison and today it is the home of the Mixed Romanian-Hungarian Battalion since 1999.

After its completion, the fortress was a part of the inner system of fortifications that protected the outer regions of the empire, for possible conflicts in the area, as with the Oradea and Timisoara fortifications.

Starting from 1794, the fortress has been used as a military prison when 1.200 French soldiers were imprisoned.

In 1852 Emperor Franz Joseph I visited the fort and ordered some pardons. One of the most important prisoner who was imprisoned in the fortress, was the Romanian revolutionary Eftimie Murgu.

During the First World War, thousands of Serb soldiers and civilians from Bosnia-Herzegovina were placed in detention here in a improvised camp outside the fort.

The most famous prisoner in the fortress of Arad was undoubtedly Gavrilo Princip, who on 28 June 1914 killed the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, in Sarajevo, which led to the outbreak of World War I.

After the first World War, the fortress was occupied by allied Serbian and French troops under French command, until July 1919 when it was handed over to the Romanian Army. In the interwar period, the fortress was a garrison of the 93 Infantry Regiment of the 1st Romanian Infantry Division. After the armistice between Romania and the Soviet Union, in September 12, 1944 the city and Arad Garrison was occupied by the Soviet Red Army. The city garrison remained a Soviet tank unit until 1958 when the Red Army retreated leaving way to the Romanian Army. Currently the fortress is hosting a mixed Romanian-Hungarian joint peacekeeping battalion, operational since 1999.

Contact and information:

Address: Str. Eugen Popa, Arad

Opening hours:

The fortress can be visited only on 25 October, Romanian Army Day.

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